Supplemental Instruction is a helping hand when the going gets tough

24th January 2019
Supplemental Instruction leader Zoe Terwilliger explains aspects of human anatomy.

SI leader Zoe Terwilliger explains aspects of human anatomy during a supplemental instruction session.

By Steven Krolak

(NEW ALBANY, Ind.)—Zoe Terwiliger is a bright spot in the lives of many students.

Alert, cheerful, patient and supportive, the graduating senior guides them through the daunting labyrinth of basic human anatomy.

The students ask tough questions, offer random thoughts, laugh at a joke about something that happened in class, bear down on a particularly challenging concept, nod in understanding, and move on to the next chapter. At times it seems more like a study group among good friends than a tutoring session.

And that’s the point.

Terwiliger is not a teacher. She’s a part of a crack team of academic interventionists who deliver supplemental instruction—SI for short—to students in need of extra help.

SI provides regularly scheduled, out-of-class study sessions for students enrolled in historically difficult courses ranging from general chemistry and college algebra to financial accounting and mammalian physiology. SI is provided to students who want to improve their understanding of course material and improve their grades.

The Student Success Center partners with faculty to provide these sessions which are voluntary, free, and facilitated by a trained peer SI leader.

In any given semester, there are 42-48 SI leaders at IU Southeast, trained and overseen by Ryan Norwood, director of the Student Success Center.

They are drawn from current and graduating students, along with some faculty members. Some are recommended or even cultivated by professors, some just show up, having heard about the program from a friend.

Terwiliger signed on after her own positive experience with the program.

“During my sophomore year, I took a human anatomy course with a stellar SI,” Terwiliger said. “I was impressed by how much he knew and how well he was able to communicate information that was misunderstood—he was ultimately a major reason that I succeeded in the course.”

Terwiliger did so well in the course that her professor and SI both recommended her to Norwood.

Training consists of both online and in-person sessions. Norwood used to work with a manual but became dissatisfied and, frankly, bored with it.

“After doing it for so long, I can now see where students are going to struggle,” Norwood said.

He now structures training like an SI session—a conversation in which experienced SI leaders and newbies develop scenarios around three central issues: planning, the relationship with faculty, and the relationship with students.

The goal is to become flexible enough to handle the distinctive needs and personality of each group, the particular informational demands of each subject or course, and the expectations and vision of each faculty member.

In Norwood’s experience, the best preparation is actually performing the task.

“Until you get into the water, you don’t really know how to swim,” Norwood said.

SI leaders have to demonstrate mastery of course content, and it helps if they’ve performed well in the course themselves, and if they have a good relationship with faculty.

Aside from that, the student has to have “the right stuff” to create a climate that is rigorous but relaxed, personal but productive.

“It takes the right kind of personality to lead an SI session,” Norwood said. “We want someone who can facilitate a collaboration, so that in the very best SI sessions, you won’t even be able to tell who the SI leader is.”

That ability to bridge the teacher-student divide is critical.

“Students, especially those in tough introductory courses, are often overwhelmed by the material in the classes, which makes them more tentative to approach professors,” Terwiliger said. “As an SI leader, I encourage students to interact with the professors and work with them to develop appropriate study skills.”

In contrast to individual tutors, who are often more focused on the subject matter, SI leaders function as a conducting agent that maintains a circuit between students, the subject matter and the course instructor.

SI leaders receive a scholarship worth $900, but given their degree of commitment, they are clearly motivated by more than cash.

“I really enjoy knowing all of the students,” Terwiliger said. “Every semester I am able to meet a new group and approach learning differently based on the needs of that group.”

As for students, the benefits are clear. Norwood’s data suggests that students who attend SI sessions increase their course performance from one-half to one full letter grade compared to those who do not attend, while the drop-withdraw-fail rate for students who attend is 15 percent better.

Homepage photo: SI leader Macy Plais leads a discussion in a supplemental instruction session devoted to biology.

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